You might read or hear the Gorky Park name in books, music, movies, or any other places basically, and that's because the park is famous in the world since it's the central park to one of the greatest cities in the world. Gorky Park welcomes around 45 thousand people at the weekend and about 250 thousand people at holiday’s time.
The 120-hectare Gorky park complex is located and built at the Krymsky Val, near Moskva River by the designs of Konstantin Melnikov, the famous Soviet architect, in 1928.
The history of the place dates back to the 16th century; however, until 1920, the area did not get the genuine recognition it deserves. Until that year, the area covered in weeds, the vegetable farms for nearby neighbors, and a complete wasteland by all means. During the Soviet era, the land cleared from all of these wastes through the communist's community works.
The new elegant area chose to be the host for the first-ever all Russia agriculture and handicrafts exhibition after lots of discussions and neglecting nominated area, in 1923. Later in 1928, the exhibition capacity increased, and the park grew as well and became the Central Park of Moscow. After becoming Central Park and got the positive attention it deserved, for honoring Maxim Gorky, the Soviet writer, and political activist, the administration changed the park's name to Gorky Park. The plans for building a Central Park in Moscow was the result of the "Moscow, the city of future" idea, in 1920. During the Second World War, the park was the army and their weaponry rally spot.
The new director of the central park and culture, Sergi Kapkov, demolished over 100 illegal attraction in the park and covered the area with new asphalt, in 2011. He had planned to transfer the central park into an ecosystem friendly park, and for those plans, he needed to destroy the abandoned buildings, stands, advertising structures in the park. The new-face Gorky Park could now compete with lead parks in the world after these changes.
For competing with the leading parks in the world, these changes were necessary, but it was not enough. The now free entry park was announced to be open for 24/7. Wi-Fi internet coverage was given to visitors for free, and a place for babies care added to the park. They used contemporary art as the new park decorative and design. However, one of the things that made the park more organized was given a particular spot for every street artists that desired to perform in the park. The singers, magicians, gymnasts, and all the street artists, in general, had a specific spot to perform legally. This action made the work for street artists simpler and at the same time, kept the park looks and peacefulness together.
Another great facility that added to the park after the reconstruction would be the 15000 square meter Ice rink which has a separate area for children, hockey field, figure skating section, and general skating for adults. The Yagudin skating school took place in this rink during the winter.
Presence of the cycling lane and a place for people to rent bicycles would be an essential part of the central parks in the world that Gorky Park provides. Since the park is near the Moskva River and has a few ponds for itself too, there's a place for people who interested to rent a boat and experience the calmness on the serene water.
Considering the importance of Gorky Park for Muscovites and all the Russia in general, one can guess that history and art would be receiving lots of attention in the Gorky area. The museum in the park would be a great example of the previous statement. At the park entrance, in the large entry arch, you can find a small place assigned to the history museum for the park that visitors can learn about the history of the place and observe a few pieces of art that related to the park. Also, a big part of the park dedicated to the Muzeon which is an open-air museum of more than 1000 sculptures, ponds, and artworks from famous artists of Russia. Artists such as Vera Mukhina, Vladimir Lempert, and many more sculptors from the Soviet era and after. However, the Muzeon is not only an open-air museum, but it's also a small cultural center inside the heart of Gorky park with many sections for displaying movies, performing theaters, and holding small music concerts. In recent years, Garage Museum of Contemporary Art transferred its headquarter into the park to give the park even more credit in terms of history and art.
Besides the museums and their amazing sculptures, the sports sections, there are still more spots in the park that worth the visit. For instance, one of these spots would be the roof of the entry arch which has special devices to observe the magnificent view of the park and surrounding area. There are several ponds and piers to have a quiet or romantic time within the park. There's a greenhouse which they grew exclusive plants and flowers inside it, and many more fountains, cascades, and of course the central ally fountain which is astonishing in its own way.
As we said before, for the park to be in the top of the list of leading central parks in the world, the administration of the park put many efforts into it such as providing several museums, sports fields, cycling lanes, beaches, several cafes, and restaurants such as famous Vremena Goda, and 8oz, and of course, natural stages and landscapes.
Visiting Gorky Park would be very pleasant for any tastes at any age, because, there's a place for history lovers, athletes, those who love outdoor activities, or people who want to have a quiet time near the water and have a relaxing afternoon in the park.
In your flight to Russia, if you ever need a relaxing alone time or a family quality time in an open, modern area, we recommend you to visit the Gorky Central Park. The park is open 24/7, and there's no entry fee, also, since the free Wi-Fi has all the park in its coverage, it would be a great place for the tourists too.
The nearest Metro station to the park is the Oktyabrskaya station, which has less than five minutes of walk to the park. Besides Gorky Park, Moscow has several great eco-friendly parks such as the Zaryadye Park, Tsaritsyno Palace, and VDNKh. If you want to experience similar things in St. Petersburg, you can visit places like Yelagin Island.
Gorky Park became one of the main attractions of Moscow since it constructed, which many tourists who travel to Moscow visit the park and attractions inside it such as the Garage Museum of Contemporary Art.